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Rescued moon bears find solace in each other after years of neglect and pain on a bile farm

02 January 2018

Dieu and Soul have already overcome a fear of open spaces to forage outside – but legacy of physical damage means a constant struggle to stay healthy.

When Dieu was rescued from a bear bile farm in Vietnam’s southern Binh Duong province six months ago, her soft, sweet face was expressionless and her eyes vacant. 

As the vet team from Animals Asia sedated her for an emergency health check, Dieu didn’t even flinch, unlike the other bears who reacted to being injected. In fact, she hardly moved.

Everything about her quiet, submissive demeanour suggested an acceptance that life meant pain – something that was borne out by her physical condition.

 

A post shared by Animals Asia (@animalsasia) on Jun 28, 2017 at 1:06am PDT

 

She was obese – the heaviest of the nine bears rescued from the farm that day – with no muscle mass from the terrible diet she had been fed. She had two scars across her belly most likely caused by a poacher’s snare. 

Her spine was permanently curved which meant she was unable to lie on her back and her joints were showing signs of arthritis. A further examination showed that her gall bladder was thickened as a result of repeated bile extraction.

Nearby, another moon bear now known as Soul, also sat contemplatively in her cage as her rescuers approached. 

Soul in cage

Like Dieu, Soul was a large lady whose weight, combined with a poor diet at a young age, had resulted in permanent deformities in her hind limbs and arthritis in her joints.

She also had lots of broken teeth, which made eating very painful.

Soul's broken and rotten teeth

Little did these bears know that their lives were about to change forever, that they were going to be whisked 1,500km away from their old life of suffering and torment to a fresh start in Animals Asia’s sanctuary in Tam Dao National Park.

 

A post shared by Animals Asia (@animalsasia) on Jun 27, 2017 at 2:04am PDT

 

Since arriving at the sanctuary in June, Dieu and Soul have completed quarantine, moved into their dens and been introduced to new friends as well as spending quality time with old neighbours for the first time.

Dieu (3)

In September, Dieu and Soul were given the chance to explore their semi-wild grassy enclosure – the biggest space they have ever known – for the first time. But it was all a bit daunting for bears who had spent years in a confined space, peeking at the outside world through the bars of their cage.

Soul (1)

At first neither felt confident enough to venture onto the grass. But gradually they overcame their fears together and by the end of October these best friends were happily foraging for carrots, apples and other treats outside.

Animals Asia Bear Manager Sarah van Herpt said: 

“It’s really sweet to see how close Dieu and Soul are to each other. They love spending time together and can often be seen sharing a basket together — although how they both manage to fit inside one basket, we’ll never know! 

“After so long inactive on the farm, their bodies remain damaged which makes it difficult for them to be as active as we’d like. This in turn leads to difficulty keeping weight down to avoid long-term health issues.

“Dieu has been slowly losing weight, which is good – too much, too fast can be dangerous – but Soul, unfortunately, has gained some weight. She is definitely a foodie, but we’re confident she will begin to slowly lose weight in the spring.”

Soul

Animals Asia’s Vietnam Bear and Vet Team Director, Heidi Quine said:

“Bear weight is a constant challenge for us and requires careful monitoring. It’s quite a complex issue to manage because overweight rescued bears often suffer arthritis and mobility problems which means they often struggle to lose excess weight. Of course this can lead to further health problems in later life.”

Heidi and her team tackle this in a number of ways. Obese bears might get a smaller, measured portion than their housemates – and be fed separately, or food might be hidden in puzzle feeders or placed high up to encourage movement and activity. 

To get Soul and Dieu moving a bit more, the team put the tastiest food at the back of the enclosure so the bears have to walk a bit further for their apples, while the less desirable food (for these two, this includes tomatoes) is left near the front.

Dieu (2)

Heidi said:

“Putting new bears onto strict diets is rarely appropriate since our first priority is to get them to start accepting their new balanced and nutritious diet, learning to trust food will reliably come and getting them settled into sanctuary life. 

“We often find this combined with opportunities to forage outside will result in weight moving to a more appropriate level. But we also want to ensure an abundance of everything to prevent unwanted competition and aggression among the bears. 

“At this time of year, we would expect bears to be at their heaviest and for weight loss to naturally occur towards the end of winter and beginning of spring. In the long term, we will be keeping a close eye on Dieu, Soul and all our bears to ensure they are living the healthiest life possible under the circumstances.”

Soul (2)


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